Enforcement and sanctions

Questions and answers about the sanctions available to the authorities to enforce requirements.

New ease of restrictions are in place from 21 May 2021. This means most of the society – beside nightlife and clubs – are open. Requirements regarding facemask and shield, corona passport, test and distance are still in place. There continue to be a limit to indoor and outdoor gatherings.

Below you can find an overview of the fines imposed for violating the restrictions. Further, you can find answers to your questions on how authorities enforce requirements.

Fines imposed for violation of restrictions during the COVID-19 outbreak (in Danish)

Questions and answers

Questions and answers about the options and sanctions available to the authorities to enforce requirements. Updated: June 14, 2021.

The police can apply the necessary force as defined in the Police Act to enforce the ban on gatherings.

Moreover, fines can be issued for violation of a ban or an order issued in pursuance of the Executive Order Banning Large Gatherings and other relevant executive orders.

Any owner of a business like a discotheque who does not observe the ban on keeping such premises or locations open to the public may be liable to a fine.

Natural or legal persons who dispose of retail premises, including durable goods stores, grocery shops, shopping centres, department stores, hypermarkets, bazaars, shopping arcades etc. may be liable to a fine if they do not follow the minimum area requirements, the requirement to display signs etc.

The police can also order a natural or legal person to close his/her/its premises to the public for a specific period if the police find that the natural or legal person has not observed the above-mentioned requirements and it is not likely that the natural or legal person will observe the requirements in future. The police can issue a fine to the natural or legal person for failing to comply with the order.

The police can impose a fine on a person for not following the directions to leave a place, and the police can apply force to remove persons from a place, if necessary.

No. If the requirement is not observed, the police can punish only the owner of the relevant business, not paid staff members. Accordingly, only the owner of the relevant business/shop can be punished for not observing the requirement to keep certain premises closed, not the paid staff members. 

Natural and legal persons in charge of premises and locations within the ambit of the Ministry of Industry, Business and Financial Affairs must display information posters explaining the rules on COVID passports and stating that customers etc. who fail to present a COVID passport and who are not covered by an exemption can be asked to leave. If no posters are displayed, the person in charge of the site is liable to a fine.

Moreover, customers, clients, visitors or others cannot be allowed access to the relevant premises and locations of certain trades and professions unless they can present a valid COVID passport or they have a valid excuse for not being required to present a COVID passport. Business owners are therefore required to ask customers etc. for a valid COVID passport at the first natural contact or occasion immediately after their arrival at the premises or location. If no checks are made of whether customers etc. can present a COVID passport or if customers etc. are allowed to enter even though they do not have a valid COVID passport and are not exempt from the requirement to present a COVID passport, the person in charge of the site is liable to a fine.

Drive-in events do not fall within the scope of the Executive Order Banning Large Gatherings, but within the scope of the Executive Order on Public Entertainment. Prior permission to hold an event must therefore be obtained from the police. The police may issue conditions for a permission, including conditions intended to reduce the risk of spreading the disease and conditions intended to maintain peace and order. A health plan must be prepared for certain events.