Enforcement and sanctions

Questions and answers about the options and sanctions available to the authorities to enforce requirements.

 

The current restrictions due to the coronavirus pandemic are applicable at least until the end of 28 February 2021.

Below you can find an overview of the fines imposed for violating the restrictions. Further, you can find answers to your questions on how authorities enforce requirements.

Fines imposed for violation of restrictions during the COVID-19 outbreak (in Danish)

Questions and answers

Questions and answers about the options and sanctions available to the authorities to enforce requirements. Updated: 10 February 2021.

The police can apply the necessary force as defined in the Police Act to enforce the ban on gatherings of more than five people who are simultaneously at the same location in connection with indoor or outdoor events etc.

Moreover, fines can be issued for violation of a ban or an order issued in pursuance of the Executive Orders, including the Executive Order Banning Large Gatherings and the Executive Orders Requiring Face Masks.

Any owner of a business like a discotheque who does not observe the ban on keeping such premises or locations open to the public may be liable to a fine.

Natural or legal persons who dispose of retail premises, including durable goods shops, grocery shops, shopping centres, department stores, hypermarkets, bazaars, shopping arcades etc., and who are not required to keep their premises closed to the public, may be liable to a fine if they do not follow the rules requiring them to: 

  • Ensure a free floor area of at least 7.5 square metres for each customer, visitor or participant (applies to all premises open to the public).
  • Ensure a free floor area of at least 7.5 square metres for each customer in retail stores with public access which range between 0 and 1,999 square metres. If the floor area is less than 7.5 square metres, one customer can be allowed.
  • Ensure a free floor area of at least 10 square metres for each customer in retail stores with public access which range between 2,000 and 4,999 square metres, although there can always be at least 266 customers.
  • Ensure a free floor area of at least 12 square metres for each customer in retail stores with public access which range between 5,000 and 9,999 square metres, although there can always be at least 500 customers.
  • Ensure a free floor area of at least 25 square metres for each customer in retail stores with public access which have 10,000 square metres or more, although there can always be at least 833 customers.
  • Display information posters at entrance doors stating the maximum number of customers allowed at the premises as well as information posters stating that customers should do their shopping alone. The information posters stating that customers should do their shopping alone must be the ones published by the Danish Health Authority.
  • Display information posters in or at the premises to remind people of the requirement to wear a face mask or shield and of the risk that they can be asked to leave.
  • Ensure that all employees and other persons admitted to the premises observe the Danish Health Authority's recommendations on good hygiene and appropriate conduct.
  • Display information posters telling people with symptoms of COVID-19 to isolate themselves at home and about good hygiene and appropriate conduct in public spaces. The information posters displayed must be the ones published by the Danish Health Authority.
  • Make water and soap and/or hand sanitizer (with an alcohol concentration of at least 70%) available to customers, visitors and participants.
  • Change the layout of premises to ensure social distancing between customers, visitors and participants – also at checkouts.
  • Ensure the presence of visible supervisory staff during opening hours in retail stores, including durable goods shops, grocery shops, shopping centres, department stores, hypermarkets, bazaars, shopping arcades etc. open to the public, to ensure compliance with the restrictions on premises set out in the Executive Order Banning Large Gatherings and with the relevant guidelines in light of the outbreak of COVID-19. At such stores, there must be at least one staff member for each 2,000 square metres, and the total floor area of the store must be posted at entrance doors.
  • Ensure clear markings, instructions or the like in retail stores larger than 2,000 square metres and in grocery shops larger than 2,000 square metres to make customers move in the same direction or keep to the right.
  • Display information posters at entrance doors of grocery shops strongly urging customers to keep a distance of two metres from other customers and retail staff throughout the entire retail area. The information posters must state that effective barrier screens between individual customers and between staff and customers can replace the recommended two-metre distance. The information posters to be displayed according to the first sentence of this paragraph must be the ones published by the Danish Health Authority.

The police can also order a natural or legal person to close his/her/its premises to the public for a specific period if the police find that the natural or legal person has not observed the above-mentioned requirements and it is not likely that the natural or legal person will observe the requirements in future. The police can issue a fine to the natural or legal person for failing to comply with the order.

The police can impose a fine on a person for not following the directions to leave a place, and the police can apply force to remove persons from a place, if necessary.

No. If the requirement is not observed, the police can punish only the owner of the relevant business, not paid staff members. Accordingly, only the owner of the relevant business/shop can be punished for not observing the requirement to keep certain premises closed, not the paid staff members.